Price

Alcohol taxes and mark-ups in control states, are a way for governments to raise money to offset the societal cost and harm of alcohol use and are generally well-supported by the public. Minimum unit pricing and setting the price floor in control states has also been found to be an effective public health intervention when applied along with taxes, but this policy has not been tried in the U.S. Such strategies are found to increase alcohol prices, lower consumption and reduce alcohol-related harms such as drinking and driving, crime, violence and premature deaths.

The Association Between Taxation Increases and Changes in Alcohol Consumption and Traffic Fatalities in Thailand

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Alcohol Policies and Suicide: A Review of the Literature

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Effects of a 2009 Illinois Alcohol Tax Increase on Fatal Motor Vehicle Crashes

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  1. Impact of Alcohol Tax Increase on Maryland College Students' Alcohol-Related Outcomes
    Smart MJ, Yearwood SS, Hwang S, Thorpe Jr RJ, Furr-Holden CD. Substance Use & Misuse. 53(6), 1-6.
    Date: 2018
  2. The Association Between Taxation Increases and Changes in Alcohol Consumption and Traffic Fatalities in Thailand
    Bundit S, Shield KD, Cohen JE, Schwartz R, Rehm J. Journal of Public Health. 38(4), e480-e488.
    Date: 2016
  3. Alcohol Policies and Suicide: A Review of the Literature
    Xuan Z, Naimi TS, Kaplan MS, Bagge CL, Few LR, Maisto S, Freeman R. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 40(10), 2043-2055.
    Date: 2016
  4. The Role of Alcohol Policies in Preventing Intimate Partner Violence: A Review of the Literature
    Kearns MC, Reidy DE, Valle LA. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. 76(1), 21-30.
    Date: 2015
  5. Do Alcohol Excise Taxes Affect Traffic Accidents? Evidence from Estonia
    Saar I. Traffic Injury Prevention. 16(3), 213-218.
    Date: 2015
  6. Effects of a 2009 Illinois Alcohol Tax Increase on Fatal Motor Vehicle Crashes
    Wagenaar AC, Livingston MD, Staras SS. American Journal of Public Health. 105(9), 1880-1885.
    Date: 2015
  7. The Virtuous Tax: Lifesaving and Crime-Prevention Effects of the 1991 Federal Alcohol-Tax Increase
    Cook PJ, Durrance CP. Journal of Health Economics. 32(1), 261-267.
    Date: 2013 (archived)
  8. Impacts of Alcohol Duty Reductions on Cardiovascular Mortality Among Elderly Chinese: A 10-Year Time Series Analysis
    Pun VC Lin H Kim JH Yip BHK Chung VCH Wong MCS . J Epidemiol Community Health 67(6):514-518. .
    Date: 2013 (archived)
  9. The Relationship Between Alcohol Problems, Perceived Risks and Attitudes Toward Alcohol Policy in Canada
    Macdonald S, Stockwell T, Luo J. Drug and Alcohol Review. 30(6), 652-658.
    Date: 2011 (archived)
  10. The Effect of Alcoholic Beverage Excise Tax on Alcohol-Attributable Injury Mortalities
    Son CH, Topyan K. The European Journal of Health Economics. 12(2), 103-113.
    Date: 2011 (archived)
  11. Changes in Alcohol-Related Problems After Alcohol Policy Changes in Denmark, Finland, and Sweden
    Bloomfield K, Wicki M, Gustafsson N-K, Mäkelä P, Room R. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. 71(1), 32-40.
    Date: 2010 (archived)
  12. The Effects of the 2004 Reduction in the Price of Alcohol on Alcohol-Related Harm in Finland
    Herttua K. [Accessed: 2012-07-19. Archived By Webcite® At http: //www.Webcitation.Org/69Hsxd1Rv], Helsinki, Finland: The Population Research Institute. .
    Date: 2010 (archived)
  13. Effects of Alcohol Taxes on Alcohol- Related Mortality in Florida: Time-Series Analyses from 1969 to 2004
    Maldonado-Molina MM, Wagenaar AC. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 34(11), 1915-1921.
    Date: 2010 (archived)
  14. Effects of Alcohol Tax Increases on Alcohol-Related Disease Mortality in Alaska: Time-Series Analyses from 1976 to 2004
    Wagenaar AC, Maldonado-Molina MM, Wagenaar BH. American Journal of Public Health. 99(9), 1464-1470.
    Date: 2009 (archived)
  15. Changes in Alcohol-Related Mortality and Its Socioeconomic Differences After a Large Reduction in Alcohol Prices: A Natural Experiment Based on Register Data
    Herttua K, Makela P, Martikainen P. American Journal of Epidemiology. 168(10), 1110-1118; discussion 1126-1131.
    Date: 2008 (archived)
  16. Alcohol Tax Cuts and Increase in Alcohol-Positive Sudden Deaths—A Time-Series Intervention Analysis
    Koski A, Sirén R, Vuori E, Poikolainen K. Addiction. 102(3), 362-368.
    Date: 2007 (archived)
  17. Joint Impacts of Minimum Legal Drinking Age and Beer Taxes on United States Youth Traffic Fatalities, 1975 to 2001
    Ponicki WR, Gruenewald PJ, LaScala EA. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 31(5), 804-813.
    Date: 2007 (archived)
  18. Prevention of Deaths from Harmful Drinking in the United States: The Potential Effects of Tax Increases and Advertising Bans on Young Drinkers
    Hollingworth W, Ebel BE, McCarty CA, Garrison MM, Christakis DA, Rivara FP. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 67(2), 300-308.
    Date: 2006 (archived)
  19. The Impact of Alcohol Taxation on Liver Cirrhosis Mortality
    Ponicki WR, Gruenewald PJ. Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 67(6), 934-938.
    Date: 2006 (archived)
  20. Are Alcohol Excise Taxes Good for Us? Short and long-term effects on mortality rates
    Cook PJ, Ostermann J, Sloan FA. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series (No. 11138). .
    Date: 2005 (archived)
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