Price

Alcohol taxes and mark-ups in control states, are a way for governments to raise money to offset the societal cost and harm of alcohol use and are generally well-supported by the public. Minimum unit pricing and setting the price floor in control states has also been found to be an effective public health intervention when applied along with taxes, but this policy has not been tried in the U.S. Such strategies are found to increase alcohol prices, lower consumption and reduce alcohol-related harms such as drinking and driving, crime, violence and premature deaths.

Impact of Maryland’s 2011 Alcohol Sales Tax Increase on Alcoholic Beverage Sales

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The Relationship Between Alcohol Taxes and Binge Drinking: Evaluating New Tax Measures Incorporating Multiple Tax and Beverage Types

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  1. Alcohol Consumption by Youth: Peers, Parents, Or Prices?
    Ajilore O, Amialchuk A, Egan K. Economics & Human Biology. 23, 76-83.
    Date: 2016
  2. Impact of Maryland’s 2011 Alcohol Sales Tax Increase on Alcoholic Beverage Sales
    Esser MB, Waters H, Smart M, Jernigan DH. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 42(4), 404-411.
    Date: 2016
  3. Changing Trends in US Alcohol Demand
    Fleissig AR. Atlantic Economic Journal. 44(3), 263-276.
    Date: 2016
  4. Taxation of Alcoholic Beverages: Estimation of Tax Revenue Effects in the Netherlands and Europe
    Loretz S, Zwirn G. Institute for Advanced Studies. .
    Date: 2015
  5. Can Pricing Deter Adolescents and Young Adults from Starting to Drink: An Analysis of the Effect of Alcohol Taxation on Drinking Initiation Among Thai Adolescents and Young Adults
    Sornpaisarn B, Shield KD, Cohen JE, Schwartz R, Rehm J. Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health. 5(4), S45-S57.
    Date: 2015
  6. Repeal of Prohibition: A Benefit‐Cost Analysis
    Vitaliano DF. Contemporary Economic Policy. 33(1), 44-55.
    Date: 2015
  7. The Relationship Between Alcohol Taxes and Binge Drinking: Evaluating New Tax Measures Incorporating Multiple Tax and Beverage Types
    Xuan Z, Chaloupka FJ, Blanchette JG, Nguyen TH, Heeren TC, Nelson TF, Naimi TS. Addiction. 110(3), 441-450.
    Date: 2015
  8. Are Alcohol Policies Associated with Alcohol Consumption in Low‐And Middle‐Income Countries?
    Cook WK, Bond J, Greenfield TK. Addiction. 109(7), 1081-1090.
    Date: 2014
  9. Gender Differences in Alcohol Demand: A Systematic Review of the Role of Prices and Taxes
    Nelson JP. Health Economics. 23(10), 1260-1280.
    Date: 2014
  10. What United States Data Should Be Used to Measure the Price Elasticity of Demand for Alcohol?
    Ruhm C, Jones AS, McGeary KA, Kerr WC, Terza JV, Greenfield TK . Journal of Health Economics. 31(6):851-862.
    Date: 2012 (archived)
  11. Does the Response to Alcohol Taxes Differ Across Racial/Ethnic Groups?
    An R, Sturm R. Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics. 14(1), 13-23.
    Date: 2011 (archived)
  12. Using Taxes to Curb Drinking: A Report Card on the Australian Government’s Alcopops Tax
    Doran CM, Digiusto E. Drug and Alcohol Review. 30(6), 677-680.
    Date: 2011 (archived)
  13. The Effects of Prices on Alcohol Use and Its Consequences
    Xu X, Chaloupka FJ. Alcohol Research and Health. 34(2), 236-245.
    Date: 2011 (archived)
  14. The Price of a Drink: Levels of Consumption and Price Paid Per Unit of Alcohol by Edinburgh’s Ill Drinkers with a Comparison to Wider Alcohol Sales in Scotland
    Black H, Gill J, Chick J. Addiction. 106(4), 729-736.
    Date: 2010 (archived)
  15. The Effectiveness of Tax Policy Interventions for Reducing Excessive Alcohol Consumptions and Related Harms
    Elder RW, Lawrence B, Ferguson A, Naimi TS, Brewer RD, Chattopadhyay SK, . American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 38(2), 217-229.
    Date: 2010 (archived)
  16. Alcohol Consumption Before and After a Significant Reduction of Alcohol Prices in 2004 in Finland: Were the Effects Different Across Population Subgroups?
    Helakorpi S, Mäkelä P, Uutela A. Alcohol and Alcoholism. 45(3), 286-292.
    Date: 2010 (archived)
  17. Changes in Alcohol Consumption and Beverage Preference Among Adolescents After the Introduction of the Alcopops Tax in Germany
    Müller S, Piontek D, Pabst A, Baumeister SE, Kraus L. Addiction. 105(7), 1205-1213.
    Date: 2010 (archived)
  18. Economic Determinants of the Consumption of Alcoholic Beverages in Canada: A Panel Data Analysis
    Ogwang T, Cho DI. Empirical Economics. 37(3), 599-613.
    Date: 2009 (archived)
  19. Alcohol Price and Intoxication in College Bars
    O’Mara RJ, Thombs DL, Wagenaar AC, Rossheim ME Merves ML, Hou W, . Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 33(11), 1-8.
    Date: 2009 (archived)
  20. Effects of Beverage Alcohol Price and Tax Levels on Drinking: A Meta-Analysis of 1003 Estimates from 112 Studies
    Wagenaar AC, Salois MJ, Komro KA. Addiction. 104(2), 179-190.
    Date: 2009 (archived)
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