Mortality and Morbidity

Even in low and moderate amounts, drinking alcohol increases the risk of chronic diseases, such as various cancers, and coronary heart disease, illnesses, injuries and disabilities, and causes harms that extend beyond the drinker to include family, friends and the larger community. Estimates of alcohol-related morbidity and mortality rates also consider quantity and frequency of consumption to determine how drinking affects a person’s health. 

  1. Does Being Drunk or High Cause HIV Sexual Risk Behavior? A Systematic Review of Drug Administration Studies
    Berry MS, Johnson MW. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. 164, 125-138.
    Date: 2018
  2. What's the Harm? Alcohol and Marijuana Use and Perceived Risks of Unprotected Sex Among Adolescents and Young Adults
    Dir AL, Gilmore AK, Moreland AD, Davidson TM, Borkman AL, Rheingold AA, Danielson CK. Addictive Behaviors. 76, 281-284.
    Date: 2018
  3. Factors Influencing the Relationship Between Alcohol Consumption and Risky Sexual Behavior Among Young People: A Systematic Review
    Wagenaar C, Florence M, Adams S, Savahl S. Cogent Psychology. 5(1), 1-26.
    Date: 2018
  4. Event-Based Analysis of the Association Between Alcohol Use and Unsafe Sex in Seven Sub-Saharan African Countries
    Assaf S, Mallick L. The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research. 7(1), 1.
    Date: 2017
  5. Prevalence of Alcohol Use, Sexual Risk Behavior, and HIV Among Russians in High-Risk Settings: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Lan C-W, Scott-Sheldon LAJ, Carey KB, Johnson BT, Carey MP. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 24(2), 180-190.
    Date: 2017
  6. Does Alcohol Use Have a Causal Effect on HIV Incidence and Disease Progression? A Review of the Literature and a Modeling Strategy for Quantifying the Effect
    Rehm J, Probst C, Shield KD, Shuper PA. Population Health Metrics. 15(1), 4.
    Date: 2017
  7. Using Integrative Data Analysis to Examine Changes in Alcohol Use and Changes in Sexual Risk Behavior Across Four Samples of STI Clinic Patients
    Walsh JL, Weinhardt LS, Kalichman SC, Carey MP. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 51(1), 39-56.
    Date: 2017
  8. The Association Between Alcohol and Sexual Risk Behaviors Among College Students: A Review
    Brown JL, Gause NK, Northern N. Current Addiction Reports. 3(4), 349-355.
    Date: 2016
  9. Alcohol Misuse, Risky Sexual Behaviors, and HIV Or Syphilis Infections Among Chinese Men Who Have Sex with Men
    Liu Y, Ruan Y, Strauss SM, Yin L, Liu H, Amico KR, Vermund SHD. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 168, 239-246.
    Date: 2016
  10. Alcohol Use Predicts Sexual Decision-Making: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Experimental Literature
    Scott-Sheldon LAJ, Carey KB, Cunningham K, Johnson BT, Carey MP. AIDS and Behavior. 20(S1), 19-39.
    Date: 2016
  11. Alcohol Involvement in Sexual Behavior and Adverse Sexual Health Outcomes from 26 to 38 Years of Age
    Connor JL, Kydd RM, Dickson NP. PloS One. 10(8), e0135660.
    Date: 2015
  12. Daily Associations Between Alcohol Use and Unprotected Anal Sex Among Heavy Drinking HIV-Positive Men Who Have Sex with Men
    Kahler CW, Wray TB, Pantalone DW, Kruis RD, Mastroleo NR, Monti PM, Mayer KH. AIDS and Behavior. 19(3), 422-430.
    Date: 2015
  13. Prevalence of Heavy Drinking and Risky Sexual Behaviors in Adult Emergency Department Patients
    Mastroleo NR, Operario D, Barnett NP, Colby SM, Kahler CW, Monti PM. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 39(10), 1997-2002.
    Date: 2015
  14. Daily Associations Between Drinking and Sex Among College Students: A Longitudinal Measurement Burst Design
    Patrick ME, Maggs JL, Lefkowitz ES. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 25(2), 377-386.
    Date: 2015
  15. Binge Drinking and Risky Sexual Behavior Among HIV-Negative and Unknown HIV Status Men Who Have Sex with Men, 20 United States Cities
    Hess KL, Chavez PR, Kanny D, DiNenno E, Lansky A, Paz-Bailey G, Group NS. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 147, 46-52.
    Date: 2014
  16. Hooking Up in the College Context: The Event-Level Effects of Alcohol Use and Partner Familiarity on Hookup Behaviors and Contentment
    LaBrie JW, Hummer JF, Ghaidarov TM, Lac A, Kenney SR. The Journal of Sex Research. 51(1), 62-73.
    Date: 2014
  17. Alcohol’s Role in Sexual Violence Perpetration: Theoretical Explanations, Existing Evidence, and Future Directions
    Abbey A. Drug and Alcohol Review. 30(5), 481-489.
    Date: 2011 (archived)
  18. Alcohol Misuse, Sexual Risk Behavior and Adverse Sexual Health Outcomes: Evidence from Britain’s National Probability Sexual Behavior Surveys
    Aicken CRH, Nardone A, Mercer CH. Journal of Public Health. 33(2), 262-271.
    Date: 2011 (archived)
  19. Alcohol Use and Sexual Behavior Among Risky Drinkers and Bar and Shebeen Patrons in Gauteng Province, South Africa
    Morojelea NK, Kachieng’ab MA, Mokokoc E, Nkokoa MA, Parry d, Charles DH, Nkowanee AM, . Social Science & Medicine. 62, 217–227.
    Date: 2006 (archived)
  20. Alcohol Use by Men is a Risk Factor for the Acquisition of Sexually Transmitted Infections and Human Immunodeficiency Virus from Female Sex Workers in Mumbai, India
    Madhivanan P, Hernandez A, Gogate A, Stein E, Gregorich S, Setia M, . Sexually Transmitted Infections. 32(11), 685-690.
    Date: 2005 (archived)