While there are several different retail channels (e.g., bars, taverns, restaurants) permitted to sell alcoholic beverages (e.g., beer, wine, liquor) for onsite (on-premise) consumption and a variety of definitions used to differentiate between these retail channels in any given state, we have categorized on-premise retail channels into two categories, restaurants and bars/taverns, for purposes of tracking and assessing state-level policy changes made by executive action.
For purposes of these dashboards, we have defined bars/taverns to mean:
Bar/Tavern - An establishment where its primary operation is to sell alcoholic beverages (e.g., beer, wine, liquor) for onsite (on-premise) consumption. Bar/tavern operations vary by state. While in some states bars/taverns may be permitted to sell all types (e.g., beer, wine, liquor) of alcoholic beverages to go for off-premise consumption, others may only allow bars/taverns to sell one type of alcoholic beverages for off-premise consumption. To capture this variety in state code, we have collected these operational practices by 1) determining whether bars/taverns were already permitted to sell alcohol to go for off-premise consumption before COVID-19 (e.g., operate as normal) and 2) identifying the new operational practices that have been permitted through COVID-19 policy changes through executive action (e.g., curbside pickup, delivery).
Since the bar/tavern category is meant to capture all locations where the primary operation is to sell alcoholic beverages, other location types, such as nightclubs, are also reflected within this category. When an executive order applies to only a subset of establishments (e.g., nightclubs) within the larger bar/tavern category, these changes will NOT be reflected in the dashboard unless the ENTIRE category is impacted.
Additionally, some states do not allow “traditional” bars, meaning every bar/tavern is required to serve a full menu of food. For these states, the “Restaurant Operations” dashboard will more accurately reflect the current operations.
Additional information is provided below to better contextualize the policy changes displayed on the dashboards.
Variable Definitions - Click here for explanations of variables used in this dataset
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The map to the left reflects the progress of reopening for bars in each state (Source: Kaiser Family Foundation). The map on the right identifies states where outdoor seating requirements have been imposed and where requirements were formerly imposed and have now been lifted.
The following maps outline where alcohol curbside pick-up and alcohol delivery permissions for bars during the pandemic are permitted.
(Source: State executive orders and Legislation)
The left map reflects whether beer and wine can be sold for curbside pick-up by bars. Hover over each state to see its current status of curbside pick-up, date(s) of temporary allowance and whether food purchase is required for curbside pick-up of alcohol. The map to the right illustrates details for how spirits, if allowed, may be picked up curbside (e.g., in manufacturer-sealed packaging only, mixed and sealed on-site).
The left map reflects whether beer and wine can be delivered by bars. The map on the right shows how spirits, if allowed, can be delivered (e.g., in manufacturer-sealed packaging only, mixed and sealed on-site).
(Source: State Executive Orders and Legislation)